1) A perspective member must be able to trace an ancestor to the traditional territory of the Creeks in South Carolina as pursuant to the Extra Census Bulletin titled The Five Civilized Tribes In Indian Territory: The Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole Nations published by the Department of the Interior, U.S. Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1894
Must be able to show connections of lineal decent to the communities of Barbour County, West Virginia / Hancock County, Tennessee / Washington County, Ohio / Paulding County, Ohio / Ross County, Ohio / Goinstown and Core Family names.
2) Once the above criteria has been established, the perspective member must be able to demonstrate this connection by documentation which would validate the above claim, i.e. Church records, early census reports depicting a status of Indian, *mulatto or Free Person of Color; if the applicant's ancestor is of mixed Indian and European ancestry or of mixed African and Indian Ancestry, the applicant must consult early colonial records, i.e.** S.C. Early Colonial Trade Papers, early affidavits of Indian descent, deeds, wills, family bibles, etc. any of the above that would substantiate the claim of Indian ancestry.
3) or be able to connect to those contemporary communities within the realm of criteria no.1 as descriptive for S.C. in the Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution, 1948, p407, concerning Surviving Indian Communities of the Eastern U.S. 4) and or /be able to establish that the family had existed as part of an ongoing Indian community since historic times or known as Indian by the surrounding community.
5) and /or be able to document that the family had enrolled in any of the Indian census rolls of the Creeks, the Shawnee, Chickasaw, Cherokee or Seminole but returned to or remained east of the Mississippi.
6) and/or be able to establish tribal affiliation by the evidence of the applicants ancestor appearing on any given Indian Treaty of any of the above tribes that were once domiciled historically in S.C.
7) the applicant must be able to show connection within seven generations of the ancestor whom he or she is claiming Indian lineage.
8) the applicant must be able to connect with the core family tribal groups to validate that his or her ancestor was part of our community.
9) and/or be able to show some type of extenuating circumstance followed by strict documentation that might not be covered by the above. May be considered.
10) Enrollment is not guaranteed and if at anytime connection proves to be false, members will be dis-enrolled.
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Helpful Resources For Researching Indian Heritage:
*Foot Note - Also to be considered for tribal membership are those aboriginal families who were considered historic communities of South Carolina and who are indigenous to the state or who have origins outside of the state but had during the historic period become members of the state's tribal communities through intermarriage or association and can prove and document this association by referring to the Gilbert Smithsonian Study contained in the above *website. To substantiate your findings please refer to the following tribal groups and families: Croatans, Brass Ankles, Nanticokes, Moors, Red Legs and all Va. (some Nanticoke and Indian Moorish families came from this state) and N.C. tribes. You must be able to prove your interconnection with S.C. indigenous families for at least seven generations.
a)** S.C. Indians, Indian Traders and Other Ethnic Connections, Beginning in 1670,edited by Theresa M. Hicks, 1998 b)** The Colonial Records of S.C., Documents Relating To Indian Affairs,3 vol., edited by Wm. McDowell, Jr., 1992 c) Indian Blood,Vol 1 and 2, by Richard Pangburn d) My Family Tells This Story by Snow Flower, 1999 e) Cherokee Proud, A Guide for Tracing and Honoring Your Cherokee Ancestors f) Cherokee Roots, Vol.1 and 2, by Bob Blankenship, 1992 man g) The Delaware and Shawnee Admitted to Cherokee Citizenship and the Related Wyandotte & Monrovian Delaware by Toni Jolley Prevost, 1992
*Many Indians in the east were victims of paper genocide and were almost always categorized ethnically as mulatto. Many were considered free people of color up to 1860 on the census reports. It was a practice in the South to make everyone either White or Black, especially after the Civil War. To denounce Indian blood was a calculative act to resolve "the Indian problem" and to justify the European encroachment on Indian lands in the name of expansionism.
The Notoweega Nation - No graphics or text may be copied from this website without permission!
*Photo Credits: http://www.memorial-network.com/ used with permission